The Apprentices Act , 1961

This act is allowed to take casual leave of Twelve days (12), medical leave of Fifteen days(15) and certain other leaves of Ten days(10) in a year (which are paid) to an employee. And any employee  is just required to work for Forty-Two(42) or Forty-Eight(48) hours a week. This is to ensure there is a work-life balance for the employees.

Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2017

Maternity Benefit Act was established in 1961 to benefit expecting mothers and later amendments were made in 2017 to provide more benefits to the expecting employee. The act was made to protect employment of the women employee during the time of maternity and provides her with ‘maternity benefit’ i.e. full paid absent from work – to let take care of her child and herself. The new amendments has increased the duration of paid maternity leave available for women employees from the existing Twelve weeks (12) to Twenty-Six weeks (26). Along with this, some more claws have been added like maternity leave for adoptive and commissioning mothers, work from home option, crèche facility and employee awareness at the time of appointment.

The Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952

The Employees Provident Fund (PF) 1952 is to sanction a type of social security to the employees. This particular Act is applicable for every employee who works in a factory or any other establishment whether organized sector or un-organized one, wherein they get welfare such as medical care, housing, retirement pension, benefits of education and financing insurance policy etc.

The Factories Act, 1948

This act was established to prevent any kind of exploitation on the factory workers by the owners and was created to defend the rights and interest of the employees. As per this law, it is mandatory to assure some sort of working conditions fixed by both the employers or the factory owners for the employees. It is clearly mentioned that the maximum working hours should not be more than forty eight hours per week (48 Hours/Week). And one (1 Day) weekly holiday is a must to be provided to every employee.

The words of Sir Maurice Gwyer In re the Central Provinces and Berar Act XIV of 1938 the learned JJ said–

“Subject always to the legislative competence of the taxing authority, a duty on home-produced goods will obviously be imposed at the stage which the authority find to be the most convenient and the most lucrative, wherever it may be; but that is a matter of the machinery of collection, and does not affect the essential nature of the tax”